PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PROSES DAN HASIL BELAJAR PADA PERKULIAHAN FISIOLOGI HEWAN

Novi Primiani

Sari


Abstrak

Masalah perkuliahan Fisiologi Hewan selama ini mahasiswa tidak mampu melakukan analisis permasalahan fisiologis setiap sistem tubuh hewan. Praktikum yang dilakukan belum mampu mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir logis, memecahkan permasalahan. Mahasiswa cenderung menghafal materi, konsep dasar fisiologi tidak dikuasai, sehingga hasil belajar rendah. Metode penelitian menggunakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas dengan tujuan meningkatkan proses dan hasil belajar kognitif mahasiswa melalui pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Indikator keberhasilan ditentukan berdasarkan peningkatan kualitas proses dan hasil belajar dalam memecahkan permasalahan. Siklus pertama dilaksanakan selama lima kali pertemuan, siklus kedua dilaksanakan lima kali pertemuan. Terjadi peningkatan kualitas proses dan hasil belajar dalam (1) aktivitas praktikum 27,7%, (2) laporan praktikum 23%, (3) presentasi hasil pengamatan 22%, dan (4) tes tertulis 24,7%.

Kata kunci: pembelajaran berbasis masalah, proses pembelajaran, hasil belajar

 

Abstract

The obvious problem in Animal Physiology class is that students are not capable in conducting analysis on the problems related to animal anatomical system. Laboratory practice has not yet proved its significance in developing students logical thinking process so as to solve problems. Students tend to memorize the materials, without mastering the physiological concepts, which entails low students achievement. The research method applied is Class Action Research posing research ojectives as to develop students cognitive achievement by implementation of problem-based learning. Research performance indicator is measured by the development of learning process quality and students achievement in problem-based learning. Throguh two cycles of research, the developments of learning outcome are: (1) 27.7% of lab practice, (3) 23% of lab practice report, (3) 22% of presentation of observation result and 24.7% of the written test.

Key words: problem-based learning, learning process, learning outcome.


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