Manajemen Pendidikan Inklusi dalam Penanaman Karakter Tanggung Jawab pada Mata Pelajaran PPKn di SMP

Ayu Fitri S. Putri(1*), Harmanto Harmanto(2),

(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(2) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author
Ayu Fitri S. Putri
Harmanto Harmanto


This research intention to understand the implementation of inclusive education management in instilling the character of responsibility in inclusive classes in SMP Negeri 4 Sidoarjo. Aspects observed in the implementation of character education include learning, example, reinforcement, and habituation. This research is a qualitative study with case study type. Subject research (key informant) was the VII grade PPKn teacher. The research setting took place in class VII of SMP Negeri 4 Sidoarjo. Data collection method used were observation, best interviews and study of documentation. we analyze data steps of reduction, presentation, and drawing conclusions. Data validity checking techniques using triangulation techniques and sources. The results indicate that the VII grade teachers of SMP Negeri 4 Sidoarjo had instilled the values of responsibility character in students in their class through citizenship learning. In the implementation of citizenship learning, the teacher emphasizes the inculcation of the value of the character of responsibility. This is done by the teacher in learning by implanting concepts through explanations, discussing moral issues, stories, active learning, and methods of cooperation between students. Teachers also provide role models in attitudes and actions, give appreciation, provide individual assistance and familiarize students with each other with friends who have special needs, both in the classroom and outside the classroom.

Kata Kunci

Inclusive education, citizenship education, responsibility.

Teks Lengkap:

Artikel PDF


Armstrong, D., A.C. Amstrong, I. Spandagou. “Inclusion: By Choice Or By Chance?” Int. J. Inclusive Educ. 15 (2011): 29–39. Bear, G.G., K.M. Minke, M.A. Manning. “Self-Concept Of Students With Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis.” Sch. Psychol. Rev. 31. (2002): 405–427. Beland, K. (Ed.). Eleven Principles Sourcebook: How To Achieve Quality Character Education In Your School Or District (Washington, D.C.: Character Education Partnership, 2003), 63. Berkowitz, M., dan M. Bier. What Works In Character Education: A Research-Driven Guide For Educators (Washington, D.C.: Character Education Partnership, 2006), 43. Bossaert, G., H. Colpin, S.J. Pijl, K. Petry. “Truly Included? A Literature Study Focusing On The Social Dimension Of Inclusion In Education.” Int. J. Inclusive Educ (2013): 60–79. Davidson, M., T. Lickona, dan V. Khmelkov. “Smart & Good High Schools: A New Paradigm For High School Character Education.” In L. Nucci & D. Narvaez (Eds.), Handbook Of Moral And Character Education (New York: Routledge, 2008), 112. DeVries, J.M. S. Voß, M. Gebhardt. “Do Learners With Special Education Needs Really Feel Included? Evidence From The Perception Inclusion Questionnaire And Strengths And Difficulties Questionnaire.” Res. Dev. Disabil. 83. (2018): 28–36. Duckworth, A.L., dan M.E.P. Seligman. “Self-Discipline Gives Girls The Edge: Gender In Self-Discipline, Grades, And Achievement Test Scores.” Journal of Educational Psychology 98, no. 1 (2006): 198–208. Ichtiarso, A.R., dan Harmanto. “Strategi Penanaman Nilai Peduli Orang Lain Pada Anak Penyandang Autisme di Sekolah Harapan Bunda Surabaya.” Jurnal Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan 1, no. 3 (2015): 241-255. Krull, J., J. Wilbert, T. Hennemann. “The Social And Emotional Situation Of First Graders With Classroom Behavior Problems And Classroom Learning Difficulties In Inclusive Classes.” Learn. Disabil. 12. (2014): 169–190. Lenning, J. Smart. “Good High Schools: Integrating Excellence And Ethics For Success In School, Work, And Beyond.” Journal of Research in Character Education 4 (2006): 83–91. Lickona, T. Character Matters: How To Help Our Children Develop Good Judgment, Integrity, And Other Essential Virtues (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004), 75; M.J. Schwartz, A. Beatty, dan E. Dachnowicz. “Character Education: Frill Or Foundation?” Principal Leadership 7 (2006): 4–21. Lickona, T., M. Smart Davidson. “Good High Schools: Integrating Excellence And Ethics For Success In School, Work, And Beyond (Washington, D.C.: Character Education Partnership, 2005), 78. Machts, N., J. Kaiser, F.T.C. Schmidt, J. Möller J. “Accuracy Of Teachers’ Judgments Of Students’ Cognitive Abilities: A Meta-Analysis.” Educ. Res. Rev. 19. (2016): 85–103. Marsh, H.W., D.K. Tracey, R.G. Craven. “Multidimensional Self-Concept Structure For Preadolescents With Mild Intellectual Disabilities: A Hybrid Multigroup-Mimic Approach To Factorial Invariance And Latent Mean Differences.” Educ. Psychol. Meas. 66. (2006): 795–818. Maulana G.S., dan Harmanto. “Peran Keteladanan Guru Dalam Upaya Membentuk Karakter Peserta Didik di SMA Negeri 12 Surabaya.” Jurnal Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan 03, no. 2 (2014): 1189-1204. Nastiti, D. “Implementasi Karakter Tanggung Jawab dalam Pembelajaran PPKn Melalui Model STAD berbasis Joyfull Learning.” Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Kewarganegaraan III (Universitas Ahmad Dahlan: Yogyakarta. (2017), 15. Oh-Young, C., J. Filler J. “A Meta-Analysis Of The Effects Of Placement On Academic And Social Skill Outcome Measures Of Students With Disabilitie.”. Res. Dev. Disabil. 47. (2015): 80–92. Peterson, C., dan M. Seligman. Character Strengths And Virtues: A Handbook And Classifi Cation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004). 83. Praetorius, A.K., V.D. Berner, H. Zeinz, A. Scheunpflug, M. Dresel. “Judgment Confidence And Judgment Accuracy Of Teachers In Judging Self-Concepts Of Students” J. Educ. Res. 106. (2013): 64–76. Prince, E.J., J. Hadwin. “The Role Of A Sense Of School Belonging In Understanding The Effectiveness Of Inclusion Of Children With Special Educational Needs.” Int. J. Inclusive Educ. 17. (2013): 238–262. Putra, M.I.S., M.A. Anwar, M. Mundilarto, W. Widodo and B. Jatmiko. “Implementasi Model Creativity Authentic Literacy Learning (CALL) untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Calon Guru MI.” Dirāsāt: Jurnal Manajemen dan Pendidikan Islam 5, no. 2 (Desember 2019): 178-191. Putra, M.I.S., W. Widodo and B. Jatmiko. “The Development Of Guided Inquiry Science Learning Materials To Improve Science Literacy Skill Of Prospective Mi Teacher.” Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia 5, no. 1 (2016): 83-93. Rahmayanti, N.S., dan T. Suyanto. “Penanaman Karakter Tanggung Jawab Pada Anak Lamban Belajar (Slow Learner) Di SMK Negeri 1 Sidoarjo.” Jurnal Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan 7, no. 2 (2019): 541-555. Riasti, E. “Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada Kelas Inklusi Di Sd Negeri Widoro Kecamatan Pengasih Kabupaten Kulon Progo.” (Skripsi: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2015), 8. Ruijs, N.M., I. Van der Veen, T.T.D. Peetsma. “Inclusive Education And Students Without Special Educational Needs.” Educ. Res. 52. (2010): 351–390. Skrzypiec, G., H. Askell-Williams, P. Slee, A. Rudzinski. “Students With Self-Identified Special Educational Needs And Disabilities (Si-SEND): Flourishing Or Languishing!” Int. J. Disabil. Dev. Educ. 63 (2016): 7–26. Südkamp, A., J. Kaiser, J. Möller. “Accuracy Of Teachers’ Judgments Of Students’ Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. J. Educ. Psychol. 104 (2012): 743–762. Susilowati, E., dan Harmanto. “Strategi Pembentukan Karakter Siswa SMK Negeri 1 Lamongan Melalui Integrasi Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Dan Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan.” Jurnal Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan 1, no. 2 (2013): 364-378. Venetz, M., C.L.A. Zurbriggen, S. Schwab. “What Do Teachers Think About Their Students’ Inclusion? Consistency of Students’ Self-Reports and Teacher Ratings.” Front Psychol 10 (2019): 1637. Yin, Robert. K. Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods Sixth Edition (California: SAGE Publications, Inc. (2018), 45. Yin, Robert. K. Qualitative Research from Start to FinishSecond Edition (London: The Guilford Press, Inc., 2015), 61. Zurbriggen, C.L.A., M. Venetz, C. Hinni. “The Quality Of Experience Of Students With And Without Special Educational Needs In Everyday Life And When Relating To Peers.” Eur. J. Spec. Needs Educ. 33. (2018): 205–220.

Article metrics

Abstrak Abstract views : 0times
Artikel PDF views : 0 times


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.

Diindeks oleh:



Like and Follow:



Dirāsāt: Jurnal Manajemen dan Pendidikan Islam dilisensi oleh Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License:


Dirāsāt: Jurnal Manajemen dan Pendidikan Islam diterbitkan oleh Program Pascasarjana Manajemen Pendidikan Islam (MPI) Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum (Unipdu) Jombang Indonesia. Terakreditasi B Nomor: 146/SK/BAN-PT/Akred/M/V/2014.

Alamat: Tromol Pos 10 Peterongan Jombang 61481 (Kantor PPs Gedung Graha Unipdu, Kompleks Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Rejoso). Telp. (0321) 876771, 873655; Fax. 0321-876771. Email jurnal: CP Jurnal: 083857285570 (SMS).