Analysis of e-learning readiness level of public and private universities in Central Java, Indonesia

Yudha Saintika(1*), Sarah Astiti(2), Dwi Januarita Ardianing Kusuma(3), Arif Wirawan Muhammad(4),

(1) Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto
(2) Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto
(3) Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto
(4) Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor
(*) Corresponding Author
Yudha Saintika
Sarah Astiti
Dwi Januarita Ardianing Kusuma
Arif Wirawan Muhammad


The development of information technology has reached into various fields, such as education. The emergence of e-learning is one manifestation of information and communication technology (ICT) in education. Until recently, only a few universities (6%) have implemented e-learning in Indonesia. Those that have implemented e-learning are still not optimally utilized. Some experts have also warned all organizations that will adopt e-learning to be concerned with thorough preparation to avoid overruns in costs. There is a method that consists of factors to measure the level of readiness of tertiary institutions towards the implementation of e-learning. The level of readiness is obtained through the distribution of questionnaires using 5 Likert scales. This research proposed a framework that produces four factors from the university, which covers the lecturer’s characteristics, e-learning facilities, learning environment, learning management, and four factors from the student’s side, namely, self-learning, motivation, learner’s control, student’s characteristic. The measurement results show the level of readiness for e-learning implementation in tertiary institutions in Central Java Province reaches level 3 or ready but needs a few improvements. Improvements that must be made includes (1) Designing exciting learning content through interactive multimedia; (2) Increasing the frequency of e-workshops or e-training related to technological developments, especially to e-learning; (3) encouraging students to be more active in discussions and giving opinions; (4) Developing plans related to infrastructure such as servers related to their capacities; (5) strengthening the role of IT units in serving e-learning users.


E-Learning; E-Learning Readiness; Factors; Readiness Level; Readiness Improvement Strategy

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